The restrained and elegant building of the Mikhailovsky Palace, created inexhaustible by the imagination of Rossi, did not immediately become a museum. Initially, the palace was intended to become the residence of the youngest son of Paul I, for which four hundred thousand rubles were annually deposited from the treasury. By the age of the tsarevich, a decent amount had been accumulated, which made it possible to build a luxurious residence with a vast garden.
All are mortal, even royal children. The palace passed into the hands of the heirs, then the children of the heirs, then the grandchildren ... The grandchildren were all German citizens, which could not please Emperor Alexander III, who was distinguished by strong patriotic feelings. The palace was bought into the treasury.
The same Alexander III was the first to voice the idea of creating a museum in which the best examples of Russian art for a thousand years will be collected. The idea of the Russian museum has been in the community since the middle of the 19th century, so the aspirations of the monarch and the people coincided, and in 1898 Russian Museum was open to the public.
The modern State Russian Museum offers visitors a collection of Russian painting and sculpture from the 12th to the 20th century. The entire exhibition is located on two floors of the Mikhailovsky Palace and Benoit Building, built specifically for the needs of the new museum. In addition to the main building, the Russian Museum invites visitors to the Stroganov, Marble and Engineering Palaces. But the museum keeps its main treasures in the former residence of Tsarevich Mikhail Pavlovich.
On the ground floor of the museum are located:
- expositions of Russian folk art (17-21 centuries), a large collection of paintings and sculptures of the 19th century. Presented wood carving, ceramics, weaving, art painting. From the brightness and diversity of the collection, the head goes round;
- An extensive and rich collection of paintings and sculptures by Russian masters of the 19th century.
The second floor of the museum invites you to see:
- Continuation of the exhibition of masterpieces of the 19th century;
- A collection of Russian art of the 18th century.
In the two-story building of Benoit, mainly temporary exhibitions of the museum are held, as well as halls where the works of contemporary Russian artists and sculptors are located.
The museum has a magnificent collection of ancient icons, among which are the works of Rublev, Ushakov and Dionysius.
It is difficult to name the name of at least one famous Russian artist, whose work would not be presented in the Russian Museum. 15 thousand exhibits of the museum’s painting collection include all the best that was created by Russian masters in 800 years.
The museum is located near Nevsky Prospect, which makes it an indispensable object for visiting many tourists. Petersburgers themselves, by the way, are more fond of visiting the Russian Museum, preferring it to the magnificent and huge Hermitage.
The museum has a lecture hall, the program of which is varied and interesting.
Temporary exhibitions of the museum have long won fame for the most visited in the city on the Neva. Most often, this is a collection of masterpieces from the storerooms of the museum, united by a common theme or time of creation. Frequent guests of the museum are the best works stored in other museums in Russia, as well as in private collections.
A visit to the Russian Museum is not cheap: 350 rubles (for residents of Russia and Belarus - 250 rubles).
You can buy a ticket that gives you the right to visit all branches of the Russian Museum, which is valid for three days. Such a ticket will cost 600 and 400 rubles, respectively. A comprehensive ticket allows you to save some.
The Russian Museum is open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. On Thursday, the exhibition can be viewed from 1 p.m. to 9 p.m. There is only one day off - Tuesday.
The landmark for those unfamiliar with St. Petersburg is Nevsky Prospekt metro.