The time of the Renaissance began - a powerful flowering of arts, architecture, sciences, literature, crafts - in the XIV century. In many ways contributed to this. one of the ancient Florentine clans - Medici.
At first, the Medici were bankers - the banking house they founded by the 15th century. became so rich and powerful that he lend money to the kings of Europe. The Medici themselves ultimately received the title of dukes and ruled Florence until 1737. The Medici were subtle connoisseurs and art connoisseurs and generously supported talented sculptors, architects, artists, inviting them from all over Italy.
Some of these masters were destined to achieve amazing perfection in their works. Year after year, they turned Florence into the most beautiful city in Europe.
Famous Florence Signoria Square, similar to an open-air museum, is known throughout the world - there are photographs of it even in school textbooks. High up in the sky goes a tetrahedral clock tower, crowning the massive and at the same time elegant building of the Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace). And to his right is Loggia Lanzi, an amazing building with three huge arches, behind which, like on a theatrical stage, marble statues of heroes of ancient myths stand on pedestals. Here on the square you can see the statue of Michelangelo "David", however, these days it is no longer an original, but a very high-quality copy.
Worked in Florence and Leonardo da Vinci, and Benvenugo Cellini, and Raphael, and many other outstanding masters who were patronized by the Medici. Other Italian cities began to imitate high examples of Florentine art and architecture, and finally, the Renaissance came first to France, and then to other European countries.
The Medici themselves lived in magnificent palaces among the many works of art collected over many decades and centuries. In addition, enlightened representatives of this kind collected rarities - ancient coins, ancient weapons, dishes, skins of unprecedented animals. The congregations were kept in order by special servants.
The vast collections of the Medici can safely be called museumsTrue, they were not intended for everyone - only for the Medici themselves and their guests. However, artists, sculptors and other people of art who could work in Florence could always get acquainted with them.