Museum-Estate Kolomenskoye very rare and amazing. Until very recently, the museum was located in the suburbs.
Village Kolomenskoyeas a real-life village, it actually existed until the 80s, but then completely disappeared from the map of Moscow, although here, at the Kolomenskoye museum, one does not give up dreams of partially restoring the structure of the former village and placing ethnographic expositions here.
The history of the village is closely connected with the history of the museum. Today we are not even talking about Kolomenskoye as the summer residence of the great princes and tsars of Moscow, where all Russian emperors have been, we are talking about the history of the Kolomenskoye museum. For centuries, the palaces of Vasily III, Ivan the Terrible, Alexei Mikhailovich stood in Kolomenskoye - a magnificent palace, called the "8th wonder of the world", then the palace of Empress Catherine II, where she wrote her famous legal treatise - a mandate.
After the French burned the palace in 1812, another palace was erected here - Alexander I. It was here that his young years passed. And the last emperor who was thinking of settling here was Nicholas I. In 1835 he arrived at Kolomenskoye and climbed onto the roof of the so-called “hunting lodge” - this is an outbuilding built in 1835 by the famous architect Tyurin. After exploring all the surroundings, Nicholas I said that this place was worthy to build a palace here, but this was not destined to materialize.
Over time, this building began to be leased to local authorities, which were rented to peasants.
The founder of the museum and the first director is the architect Pyotr Dmitrievich Baranovsky. Soon after the museum opened, he received reserve status. Then the museum was known to no one, was located outside Moscow, and was branch of the state historical museum. The museum remained a branch until 1972, and now it large museum reserve, which includes 4 historical territories - Kolomenskoye, Izmailovo, Lyubleno and Lefortovo.