Madonna and Child with Angels (Madonna Rucellai) - 1285, Duccio di Buoninsenia. 450x290
An artist from the city of Siena, Duccio di Buonisenia (1250 / 1260-1318 / 1319) introduced in the Byzantine style of writing, which reigned in the then Italian painting, the decorativeness and grace of French Gothic. This altar image was painted by him at the request of the community of Mary for the chapel in the Florentine church of Santa Maria Novella, and in the XVI century was transferred to another chapel, Rucellai, which is why it got its current name.
The image of the Madonna and Child on the throne, placed on a gold background, follows the Byzantine tradition. But the brightness of the colors, their festivity, as well as the whimsical lines of the robe of the Mother of God, especially the golden border on Her cloak, are the result of “Gothic influence”. And in the guises of all the characters represented here, right down to the angels, carefully lowering the throne from heaven, new trends of a more realistic painting are felt for the time. The art of Duccio, though cautiously, already foreshadowed the Renaissance.