Metropolitan Museum in 1870 a group new york public figures and artists. In 1894 - 1902, in the central park of New York, the architect Hyde erected the main building of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 1905 - 1926, the architectural firm "McKim, Mead White" added side wings to the main building of the museum. Subsequently, the building of the Metropolitan Museum was rebuilt and rebuilt.
Its neoclassical facade hides several buildings of different times, connected by passages and stairs. In 1938, a branch of the museum's subway, the Museum of Medieval Art, was opened in Fort Tryon Park. The Metropolitan Museum of Art exists mainly with private funds, which are managed by the Board of Trustees, which influences the entire activity of the museum.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art contains approximately 3 million works. It includes departments of American painting and sculpture, ancient art and the art of the ancient world, Islamic art, Western European painting. In addition, the museum features engravings and lithographs, applied art, musical instruments, and weapons.
The museum is widely represented the largest works of masters of the Italian Renaissance: Botticelli, Raphael, Tintoretto, Titian. The world's best collections include a collection of Dutch and Dutch paintings, including the masterpieces of Rogier van der Weyden, Bosch, Peter Brueghel the Elder. The German revival is represented by the works of Dürer, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Holbein the Younger and others.
Metropolitan Museum owns the world's largest collection of Rembrandt's works, including 23 paintings, 4 compositions by Jan Vermeer Delftsky, more than 10 portraits of Frans Hals. A worthy place in the museum is occupied by the work of Spanish artists: El Greco, Velazquez, Murillo, Goya. French painting is represented by the works of Poussin, Watteau, Edouard Manet, Renoir.
At the beginning of the 18th century, paintings by English artists appeared in America. The collections of the Metro contain works by Reynolds, Turner, Gainsborough. A special place in the collections of the Metropolitan is American painting. A special gallery is dedicated to her in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which presents the work of all outstanding American artists. In the collections of American painting of the 18-19th centuries there are works by Copley, Homer, Whistler, Aikins. Painting of the late 19th and early 20th centuries is represented by the works of John Singer, Sagent.
Both in the scale of its collections and in its diversity, the Metropolitan stands on a par with the great museums of the world.