Many French kings favored the picturesque lands of the Loire Valley, erecting their own castles-residences on them. But one of these buildings is not ordinary, clo luce castle - this is the last house of the great Leonardo da Vinci. It was here that, visiting France at the invitation of Francis I, the artist spent the last three years of his life. And today, a small castle made of pink brick attracts thousands of tourists not with a flight of architectural and design ideas, but with the Da Vinci Museum located in it.
Not one owner was replaced by land and buildings in the Loire Valley. In ancient times, a Gallic tribe settled here, in the XII century, Hugo Amboise built a castle and presented it as a gift to a convent, and later the territory belonged to Etienne Lelou, a fairly wealthy assistant to the cook Louis XI. In 1477 he built a small estate here.
Significant changes occurred after Charles VIII wished to arrange his residence in the castle and bought it for 3,500 ecu in gold. Artists, architects and woodcarvers turned Clos-Luce into a royal castle, as we see it. And for the Queen of France Anna of Breton, a chapel was built from white sandstone.
Later King Francis I, the Duke of Angouleme and his sister Margarita of Navarre often lived in the castle in their youth. It was here that the monarch offered to live Leonardo da Vinciwho arrived in France in 1516. Francis I paid a salary of 700 ecu every year, maintained a staff of servants, paid for household needs and bought the work of the artist. The king liked listening to his stories about architecture and painting. According to legend, he came to meetings with Leonardo through a secret underground passage. At the age of 67, the artist died in a castle surrounded by students and was buried in the chapel of the royal castle of Amboise. And in Clos-Luce was organized by the Leonardo da Vinci House Museum.
Excursion to the house-museum begins with the rise of the watch tower, which overlooks the valley and the castle of Amboise. At the entrance of tourists, an employee of the museum, dressed as a servant of the artist, meets her. Although the work on the reconstruction of the interior by Bernard Vitry is not completely authentic, you can get an idea of the last years of da Vinci. So, in the bedroom there is a fireplace with a royal emblem and Italian furniture, and in the office everything is arranged as if the creator had just left the room and would be back soon. This is followed by salons equipped in the style of the XVIII century, which served as da Vinci exhibition halls. And the grand hall in the Renaissance style is striking in its splendor.
For many years, the legacy of Leonardo existed only in the form of schemes, but now the museum exhibit also includes a collection of layouts in the park. The prototypes of a helicopter, aircraft, tank and parachute, "spied" in the future, Leonardo da Vinci amaze tourists with its similarity with the existing ones.