Garden of Earthly Delights - Jerome Bosch. 220x389
Bosch's most famous work (c. 1460-1516) is striking in its colorfulness. The picture, populated by people and fantastic creatures, combines erotic, alchemical and Christian allegories.
Paradise is represented on the left wing of the triptych, on the right Hell, in the center is the garden of delights. Here, naked men and women enjoy the delights of life. The distant plan is occupied by a fancy fountain. Middle - girls with birds and berries on their heads, swimming in a lake, around which riders on different animals move. The foreground is filled with fun people. The company of young people located in the thistle bushes is noteworthy. To their left, a young man swimming with a girl and a stork in a large bright fruit on the dark waters of the lake feeds swimmers with blackberries. Immediately behind them to the left are several large birds. An interesting figure is already a middle-aged man sitting on the back of a carduelis, he lowered his head low, as if he did not want to look at the outrage happening around.
According to some researchers, in this part of the canvas, Bosch portrayed people who had not yet been expelled from paradise, enjoying life, according to others, as the world was doomed to death from a flood, immersed in sin. But not one of the assumptions made is convincing.
The creation of the world and the paradise landscape are the theme of the left wing of the triptych. In the center there is an elegant fountain - the source of life, in the background - mountains and plains inhabited by animals and birds, in the foreground - the Creator God unites Adam and Eve by marriage. But, as if hinting at their impending sin, in the distance the master depicted a flock of birds flying out of the cave, outlines resembling a snake.
On the right wing of the triptych is Hell. Houses in the background burn with the flames of the underworld, a fiery river carries sinners there. In the lower left corner, people are being punished for their love of gambling, and among the giant instruments there is a crazy concert. Probably, the author spoke out against the singing of a choir of instrumental music, which had supplanted the church singing at the beginning of the 16th century in the Netherlands. On the contrary - a scene of terrible punishment for gluttony. A key place in the composition of the sash belongs to the image of a human tree. A countertop rests on his head and a bagpipe stands, around which demons drive sinners. Some researchers tend to see in this character a self-portrait of the master himself.
Presumably, the author wanted to convey to his contemporaries the idea that Adam and Eve, disobeying God, doomed people to eternal torment.