Museums and Art

Freedom in the Barricades, Delacroix, 1830

Freedom in the Barricades, Delacroix, 1830

Freedom on the barricades - Eugene Ferdinand Victor Delacroix. 225x360


The struggle for freedom and independence of France is probably the most famous work of the head of the French romantic school of painting. Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) «Barricade freedom", Created under the impression of the revolution in Paris in July 1830.

Faced with the task of depicting the abstract concept of “freedom”, the artist used allegory. Born in a turbulent revolutionary time, the dream of freedom, bringing change to life, was embodied in a half-naked woman. In her appearance, features of samples of ancient art are visible: the proportions of the face correspond to the canons of beauty, which Greek sculpture obeyed.

But this modern Venus lost the detachment of Greek prototypes and became the embodiment of the ideals of modern times. Loose clothes fluttering in the wind and imparting to her image and picture the dynamics characteristic of romanticism are complemented by a cap of Jacobins (members of the political revolutionary movement), a gun, bayonet and banner. The heroine is assigned a central place on the canvas, although initially Delacroix was not going to portray her as an allegory, but wanted to limit himself to the romantic death of the beautiful hero of the barricades. The girl calls to go forward, even if the lifeless bodies of those who have already given their lives in the struggle block the path.

People, mostly students, took to the streets to seek the lifting of a number of government restrictions. The artist painted himself among the rebels. Too realistic portrayals of the victims, placed in the foreground of the picture, were accused of the artist as shocking and shocking to the public.


Watch the video: Comment la barricade est-elle devenue un emblème révolutionnaire? Éphéméride #04 (October 2021).