Faun Marsyos teaches young Olympia to play the flute - Pyotr Vasilyevich Basin. 185x139.5
Pyotr Vasilyevich Basin (1793-1877) is a bright representative of academic painting in the first half of the 19th century. A major achievement in his work was the painting of St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The subject of easel painting was plots from ancient Greek mythology, popular in Russia at that time. An appeal to ancient history should have a moralizing meaning that would meet the tasks of art set in the Enlightenment.
The painting "Fawn Marsyos teaches young Olympia to play the flute" designed to talk about the dangers of pride and vanity. Athena, unhappy with her playing the flute, threw the instrument and cursed him. Unsuspecting faun Marsyos picked up the flute, learned the sounds caressing the ears and believed in the strength of his talent so much that he was ready to play music playing with Apollo himself, the patron of all arts. Having lost to the son of Zeus, who played excellently on kifar, Marsyos was punished for his daring challenge to the Olympic gods. Apollo ordered him to be hung on a tree and skinned. Thus, the prediction of Athena came true, and Marsyas was punished for his vanity.