The most famous attraction of the capital of foggy Albion is British museum. Like almost all museums in England, it arose spontaneously, on the basis of three private collections of respected citizens of this country.
The hallmark of the museum was originally amazing variety of exhibits. Ethnographic and archaeological rarities coexisted here with subjects of natural science, paintings, ancient manuscripts and books. The foundation date of the British Museum is 1753, when one of its founders, the British naturalist Hans Sloan bequeathed to the nation his collection. Approved the opening of the museum a special act of the British Parliament. By the time of the official “launch” in 1759, the collection was replenished with exhibits of the royal library.
The indisputable pearls of the collection of the famous museum are ancient sculptures called Parthenon Marbles (and sometimes with the marbles of Elgin, named after the Count, who had taken these priceless masterpieces from Greece in due time). The names of their creators are still unknown, despite the uniqueness and grandeur of the works. There are suggestions that the frieze and statues of the Parthenon are the work of the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, who led the construction of the Acropolis.
Greece has repeatedly tried to regain Parthenon marbles. England, in turn, is in no hurry to say goodbye to antique treasures. Both sides have their own opinions on this matter: the Greeks consider the removal of relics to be stolen, the position of British museum workers - this measure saved the sculptures from destruction. Everyone is right in his own way. Earl Elgin peculiarly interpreted the permission of the Turkish government to export a couple of "marble stones" from the country, as a keepsake. At the time of transfer of exhibits British museumFor over one century, the Parthenon has been in collapsing ruins, slowly being dismantled by the local population for building materials.