Saint Jerome - Antonio de Pereda i Salgado. 104 x 84
The Spanish painter Antonio de Pereda y Salgado was influenced by Ribera and Velazquez, painted on historical and religious topics.
The hermit, represented in the picture, is depicted in accordance with traditional iconography. Jerome’s attributes - a book and an inkwell - are symbols of his literary works, since it is he who is credited with the first translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew to Latin. In the hands of the hermit is a makeshift wooden cross, in the corner is a stone. With this very stone he beat himself in the chest, trying to escape from the devilish temptations. The trumpet voice on the left portends the apocalypse, and the skull is a symbol of the frailty of all things. The theme of the end of the world is also connected with the picture of “The Last Judgment” by Dürer depicted on the page of the opened book.