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Portrait of Infanta Margarita, daughter of Philip IV - Diego Velazquez. 70x59
The central place in the work of the famous Spanish painter Diego Velazquez belongs to the portrait genre. As a court painter of the Spanish monarch, he often painted members of the royal family and their close associates.
Velazquez created a whole gallery of portraits Infanta Margarita, future empress of the Holy Roman Empire. On this canvas, the young infante is only four years old. In accordance with the tradition of the ceremonial official portrait, the master must portray her as a cold-restrained person who is aware of her high position and accustomed to behaving in accordance with strict court etiquette. Given the static posture of a girl so uncharacteristic of the child, given, as prescribed by the genre, strict expression to the face, the picture of Velazquez amazes with the author’s warm sincere attitude to his small model. The sweet swelling of children's cheeks, the delicate oval of the face, fluffy loose hair, running along the shoulders with soft waves - such a painter saw the heiress of the Spanish throne.
Margarita Teresa of Spain, becoming Empress of the Holy Roman Empire at age 14, lived a short life. Having given birth to six children, she died at the age of 21.