Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio Born in 1571 in Italy in Lombardy. Michelangelo was the oldest son in the family. He had three brothers and a sister who was the youngest. Their father was engaged in construction, and had a good salary and education.
When the plague epidemic began in 1576, the Michelangelo family had to move from Milan again to Caravaggio. In 1577 his father died, and then some problems began in the family. Nothing more is known during this period. about the biography of Michelangelo Merisi.
The next date, 1584, interrupted this period. Michelangelo became a student of Milan artist Simone Peterzano. After learning from this painter unfairly forgotten by all, Michelangelo was supposed to receive the title of artist, but, unfortunately, no supporting facts were preserved.
In 1592, the Caravaggio family again experienced another tragedy - the mother died. After this incident, the entire inheritance of the parents was divided between the children. Michelangelo received a good share, which was enough to leave his hometown and move to Rome. According to some reports, Michelangelo not just escaped from Milan. Many biographers believe that he killed a person, or very seriously injured, therefore, he needed to move.
The first time he was in the capital of Italy, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio had difficulty finding a job, but he soon got a job as an apprentice with Giuseppe Cesari, who was considered at that time one of the best artists in Italy. But their cooperation was short-lived. Caravaggio was hospitalized because a horse hit him very hard. After his recovery, he decided to work himself.
Then on the way Michelangelo met Cardinal Francesco del Moyte. He got several paintings by Caravaggio and really liked. Wash was an educated and cultured man, appreciated art and was friends with Galileo. In 1597, the cardinal took the young artist to his service, providing him with a good salary. So another 3 years passed from the biography of Michelangelo, and they were not in vain. The artist was noticed, and he began to receive more and more orders. It was at this time that he painted such paintings as The Calling of the Apostle Matthew and Martyrdom of the Apostle Matthew, as well as The Crucifixion of the Apostle Peter.
Contemporaries of Caravgio were amazed at his talent. He painted very realistically, his paintings were filled with drama and were very original. He painted contrary to the religious standards that existed at that time. Of course, there were opponents of his work, who believed that he depicts saints very mundane. So, his painting “St. Matthew and the Angel” was rejected by the ministers of the church as unworthy. It was this painting that was acquired by the well-known collector of that time, Marquis Vincenzo Giustiniani, who later bought more than 15 paintings from Caravaggio. Michelangelo rewrote the canvas rejected by the church.
By 1604, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio became Italy's most famous artist of his time, but not only that, he was also known as the most scandalous artist, because heated debate always flared up around his paintings. But the name of Caravaggio was associated with notoriety, the glory of the offender. His name appeared more than 10 times in the list of violating the law with his careless antics. Of these, you can list such as carrying cold steel without permission (Caravaggio carried a huge dagger with him), throwing a tray in the face of the waiter, breaking glass in the house. The artist was even in prison for some time. May 28, 1606 Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio killed a man. If earlier, when he still lived in his homeland, this fact was not confirmed, then this time it is known for certain. After the fight that arose when playing the ball, this misfortune happened. Michelangelo had to take flight. The remaining 4 years of his life he had to spend in exile.
At first he was not far from Rome. He still hoped that they would have mercy on him. Realizing that this was impossible, he went to Naples. And even there he found customers. After 9 months, he moved to Malta. In Malta, Caravaggio worked very productively, and for his services to the Order of Malta, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was knighted. But it could not be so smooth, the character of the artist made itself felt. After another clash with a senior adviser to the order, Michelangelo ended up in prison, from which he escaped to Sicily.
By the end of the artist’s life, the authorities no longer looked for him, now he had another danger - the revenge of the hospitaliers. In the fall of 1609, Michelangelo was badly injured, his face was mutilated. In 1610, the irony played a cruel joke with the artist, he went to prison, but by mistake! He was soon released. But ill with malaria, he died on July 18, 1610 at the age of 39.