Green wheat field with cypress - Van Gogh. 73.5x92.5
Van Gogh painting "Green wheat field with cypress" was written during his stay at St. Paul’s mental hospital in SenRemi, where he spent almost a year. In early June 1889, Dr. Peyron allowed the artist to go outside the park fence and write in the vicinity of the Saint-Paul Monastery. van Goghyearned for "comforting art", he began to depict picturesque landscapes: olive groves, cypress trees, fields sown with wheat. He especially liked the cypress trees, raising their crowns to heaven, similar to the tongues of a black writhing flame. Van Gogh almost always began to introduce cypresses into the image of the southern nature, saying that they are “the most characteristic feature of the Provencal landscape”. However, researchers of the artist’s work explain this addiction by the fact that these trees in the Mediterranean since ancient times were a sign of grief and death. The paintings of 1888-1889 are endowed with special symbolism of images associated with the specific worldview of Van Gogh during this period.
The artist divides the space of his canvases into two opposing and interacting worlds - “northern” and “southern”, and the interpretation of objects and colors begins to obey this division. To the south correspond night, top (sky), death, cypress, black, dark blue and bright yellow tones. To the north - day, bottom (earth), life, fields, green and blue colors. Most of these elements are present in the painting “Green Wheat Field with Cypress,” for example, you can see a dark silhouette of cypress rising in the middle of a field of immature wheat swaying from the wind. Ascending from the earth, it, like an ancient impassive monument, connects the trembling ocean of green, slightly touched by gold ears with a pre-stormy severe sky. A new semantic load changes the artist’s pictorial style. Rejecting the classical lessons learned at Arles, Van Gogh returns to the expressiveness characteristic of his early works. The forms in the picture become markedly dramatic, enveloped in a single movement, they are subordinated to a strained rhythm.