Museums and Art

Biography of Paul Gauguin and a description of the artist's paintings

Biography of Paul Gauguin and a description of the artist's paintings

Paul Gauguin was born in Paris in June 1848. But on the way he had a heart attack, and he died.

Paul Gauguin lived in Peru until the age of seven. Returning to France, the Gauguin family settled in Orleans. But Paul was not at all interested in living in the provinces and was bored. At the first opportunity, he left the house. In 1865, he was hired by an employee on a merchant ship. Time passed, and the number of countries visiting the Field increased. For several years, Paul Gauguin became a real sailor, who visited various sea troubles. Having entered the service of the French navy, Paul Gauguin continued to plow the expanses of the seas and oceans.

After the death of his mother, Paul left the marine business and started working on the exchange, which his guardian helped him find. The work was good and it seemed that he would work there for a long time.

The Marriage of Paul Gauguin


Gauguin married in 1873 on the Danish Matt Sophie Gad. Over 10 years of marriage, the wife gave birth to five children, and the position of Gauguin in society became stronger. In his free time, Gauguin was engaged in his favorite hobby - he drew.

Gauguin was not at all confident in his artistic powers. Once, one of the paintings of Paul Gauguin was selected for display at the exhibition, but he did not tell anyone from the family about it.

In 1882, the stock market crisis began in the country, and the further successful work of Gauguin began to raise doubts. It was this fact that helped to determine the fate of Gauguin as an artist.

By 1884, Gauguin already lived in Denmark, since there was not enough money to stay in France. Gauguin's wife taught French in Denmark, and he tried to engage in trade, but he did not succeed. Disagreements began in the family, and the marriage broke up in 1885. The mother was left with 4 children in Denmark, and Gauguin returned to Paris with his son Clovis.

Living in Paris was difficult, and Gauguin had to move to Brittany. He liked it here. Bretons are a very peculiar people with their traditions and worldview, and even with their own language. Gauguin felt great in Brittany, he again woke up the feelings of a traveler.

In 1887, taking with them the artist Charles Laval, they went to Panama. The trip was not very successful. Gauguin had to work hard to provide for himself. Having become ill with malaria and dysentery, Paul had to return to his homeland. Friends accepted him and helped to recover, and already in 1888, Paul Gauguin again moved to Brittany.

The case of Van Gogh


Gauguin knew Van Goghwho wanted to organize a colony of artists in Arles. It was there that he invited his friend. All financial expenses were incurred by the brother of Van Gogh Theo (we mentioned this case in the biography of Van Gogh). For Gauguin, it was a good opportunity to break out and live without any worries. The views of the artists diverged. Gauguin began to lead Van Gogh, began to present himself as a teacher. Van Gogh, already suffering from a psychological disorder at the time, could not bear it. At some point, he attacked Paul Gauguin with a knife. And without overtaking his sacrifice, Van Gogh cut off his ear, and Gauguin went back to Paris.

After this incident, Paul Gauguin spent time traveling between Paris and Brittany. And in 1889, visiting an art exhibition in Paris, he decided to settle in Tahiti. Gauguin naturally had no money, and he began to sell his paintings. Having accumulated about 10 thousand francs, he went to the island.

In the summer of 1891, Paul Gauguin set to work, buying a small thatched hut on the island. Many paintings of this time depict the wife of Gauguin Tehur, who was only 13 years old. Her parents happily gave her in marriage to Gauguin. The work was fruitful, Gauguin painted many interesting paintings in Tahiti. But time passed, and the money ran out, besides Gauguin fell ill with syphilis. He could no longer endure, and left for France, where a small inheritance awaited him. But in his homeland he did not spend much time. In 1895, he returned to Tahiti, where he also was in poverty and living in poverty.

Eugene Henri Paul Gauguin died of a heart attack in the Marquise Islands in 1903 on May 8.


Watch the video: Paul Gauguin, Self-Portrait with Portrait of Émile Bernard Les misérables (December 2021).