Museums and Art

Biography and paintings of Eugene Delacroix

Biography and paintings of Eugene Delacroix

Eugene Delacroix was born near Paris in 1798 on April 26. Either Charles Delacroix, a well-known official, or the child was illegitimate, and his father was Charles Talleyrand - Minister of Foreign Affairs in France.

Eugene grew up as a very eccentric boy. His childhood friend was Alexander Dumas, who wrote about Delacroix that by the age of three, he was already hung up, poisoned and burned. All this happened to Eugene Delacroix by chance, but not without his help.

Already studying at the Lyceum, and showing his artistic talent, Delacroix became calmer. He even received diplomas for his work, as well as for the knowledge of classical literature. Eugene Delacroix took over his penchant for drawing from his mother, whose name was Victoria. But it was Delacroix's passion for painting that arose in the heart of Normandy. His uncle was an artist, and often went there to paint landscapes.

The parents of the future artist died early, and Eugene first lived with his sister, until she fell into a difficult financial situation. Then Delacroix faced a problem, how to live on? His choice was painting. He entered the workshop of Pierre Narsiss Guerin.

In 1816, Delacroix enrolled in the school of fine arts, where he taught Gueren. There he gained a lot of knowledge, but the real lessons for him were visiting the Louvre, in which he met Theodore Gericault and Richard Bonington - talented young painters.

Communicating with the young artists went Delacroix to the advantage. He developed, became more well-read, got acquainted with the works of Shakespeare, paintings by Rubens and Titian.

In 1818, Delacroix posed for Theodore Gericault when he painted the picture "The Raft of Medusa." It was an extraordinary picture that marked the beginning of French romanticism, and this event was witnessed by Eugene Delacroix.


In 1832, Delacroix with a group went to Morocco with a diplomatic mission. This trip played a huge role in changing the artist's drawing style. He saw Africa, which he imagined in a completely different way. Having made a huge number of sketches there, they resulted in wonderful paintings upon arrival in France.

By this time, Delacroix had already begun to receive personal orders, including the painting of ceilings in the Louvre. For 12 years he worked for the church of Saint-Sulpice, painting frescoes.

By 1835, Eugene Delacroix became seriously ill. His illness was associated with a throat that could not be cured, and which led him to death. He died on August 13, 1863 in Paris.


Watch the video: Caravaggio: His life and style in three paintings. National Gallery (June 2021).