Museums and Art

Albrecht Durer - biography and paintings of the artist

Albrecht Durer - biography and paintings of the artist

May 21, 1471 Albrecht Durer was born in Nuremberg. Albrecht’s talent manifested itself quickly, and his father put up with the fact that the child would not be a jeweler. Therefore, Dürer was apprenticed to Michael Volgemut (local artist).

Volgemouth was known not only as a good artist, but also as an excellent master of engraving, which his student fully mastered.

The end of Dürer training

In 1490, Albrecht Durer's training ended, and he painted his first picture this year - “Father portrait". The next 4 years, the young artist spent traveling around Europe to see how people live and gain new experiences.

In 1492, Dürer was in Colmar, where at that time the famous painter Martin Schongauer lived. But Dürer did not have to meet with Martin, since he died a year before the arrival of Albrecht. But Dürer met one of the Schongauer brothers, who invited him to Basel. It was in Basel that Dürer got acquainted with many famous works, besides, Schongauer's brother had his own jewelry workshop, so they found a common language.

In 1493, Dürer came to Strasbourg.. It was there that Albrecht received a letter from his father, who agreed to marry his son "in absentia." Such marriages quite often happened at that time.

The Marriage of Dürer with Agnes

On July 7, Dürer married the daughter of the famous physician, Agnes Frey. The fact that the marriage was not very happy is not surprising, but they lived together to death. In 1495, Dürer even painted a portrait of his wife - “my Agnes”. Wife was interested in completely different things, but not in the arts and culture, so they did not always find compromises. They had no children.

Truly Dürer became famous upon arrival from Italy in 1494, where he spent six months. The first success brought him wood and copper engravings, which came out in a huge number of copies. Soon Dürer became known outside of Germany.

Having left for Italy again, in 1505, Dürer was received with honors, including the 75-year-old Giovanni Bellini. In Venice, Albrecht Dürer performed for the German church San Bartolomeo altar image called "Feast of the Rosary".

Dürer's fame grew every year. His work was recognized and respected. In 1507 he returned to his homeland, and in 1509 he bought a huge house, which has survived to this day. It now houses the Dürer Museum.

In the winter of 1512, in winter, Nuremberg was visited by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. And by this time Albrecht Durer painted two portraits of Maximilian's predecessors on the throne. The emperor really liked these portraits, and he immediately ordered from Dürer his portrait, but could not pay it. Therefore, he ordered the Nuremberg treasury to pay a substantial prize to the artist annually.

After the death of Maximilian in 1519, Durer stopped paying the prize. Going on a journey in 1520 to the new emperor Charles V, Dürer tried to restore justice, and he succeeded.

At the very end of his trip, Dürer fell ill with malaria, from which he died in 1528 in Nuremberg on April 6.

Watch the video: Albrecht Dürer Art History Khan Academy (June 2021).