The world-famous museums of Spain are of great interest to lovers of art and sculptural collections from around the world for many years. Madrid has one of the oldest and most important museums in Europe - Prado Museum. Initially, it was the Royal Museum, which was soon renamed the National Museum of Painting and Sculpture, and then received its current name Prado. The museum first opened its doors to the public in November 1819.
Museum building - an outstanding example of architectural art built by the project Juan de Villanueva, an outstanding architect of those times, in 1785 as the house of natural sciences for Charles III. Under the rule of his grandson Ferdinand VII, who, at the numerous requests of his wife, Queen Maria Isabel de Braganza, decided to create the Royal Museum of Painting and Sculpture in it.
The collection consists of approximately 7600 paintings, 1000 sculptures, 4800 and 8200 prints of drawingsas well as a wide range of decorative art objects and historical documents. About 1300 works are exhibited in the halls, the rest are stored in warehouses and state vaults. Recently, the museum opened new halls, and now the total area is 58 thousand square meters. m. The expansion is carried out and will be carried out in the future in order to expose visitors to the maximum possible number of works.
The museum’s collection has one of the most complete collections of works by European art schools: Spanish (mainly), Flemish, Italian, Dutch, German and British. In the exhibition halls you can see the works of such masters as Goya, Bosch, Berruget, Murillo, El Greco, Botticelli, Raphael, Titian, Velazquez, Zurbaran and many others. It is worth noting that in Madrid Prado Museum possesses the most comprehensive collections of works by these authors.
At different times, as a donation, the museum was granted a large number of masterpieces. Among them is the painting "Black Paintings" by Goya, donated by Baron Emil Derlanger in 1881.
In recent years, the collection has replenished with the purchase of such works as “Fable” and “Flight to Egypt” by El Greco, in 1993 and 2001, “Countess de Chinchón” by Goya in 2000 and “Hairdresser of the Pope” by Diego Velazquez in 2003.
Closed Prado just three days a year and it is visited annually by more than 2 million people.