Museums and Art

Biography and paintings of Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti)

Biography and paintings of Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti)

Jacopo Tintoretto Biography replete with very contradictory facts, and even even gaps. It is authentically known that he was born in Venice and was named Jacopo Robusti, the nickname is Tintoretto, which in translation means "Little dyer", inherited from his father, a dyer of silk. But the date of his birth remains a mystery: church records say one thing, biographers say another, therefore it is generally accepted that this joyful event happened in 1518.

The most complete source of information about the artist’s life remains the book of Carlo Ridolfi, who himself received most of the information from Tintoretto’s son, Domenico. Moreover, it is possible that some aspects of the biography were corrected due to Ridolfi's partiality to the work of the Venetian.

Very little is known about Jacopo's childhood, the biographer limited himself to a note on Tintoretto's love of drawing and observing his father's work. As a teenager, he decided to study painting with Titian, but was expelled from the workshop after only 10 days. There is an opinion that the cause was the creative jealousy of the master, who saw the talent of a young artist, but it is more likely that the so-called conflict of characters occurred. The names of further teachers in the book are not disclosed, although the training as such, most likely, took place.

The period of youth and the formation of Tintoretto in the profession has not been practically studied, only in the documents of 1539 he is referred to as "Jacopo's master, painter." For a long time, he was mainly engaged in painting facades, until he received an order from the brotherhood of St. Brand. As a result, he wrote his first masterpiece. "The miracle of St. Brand ", and disagreements with the customer, struck by the unusual composition and dynamics of the picture, attracted the attention of new customers. Fame and popularity were not long in coming, and the fraternity changed their minds, accepting the work of Jacopo.

Soon, “St. Roch, healing the plague ”(in 1549), the series of paintings“ The Last Judgment ”(from 1550 to 1553). He received final recognition after an invitation to paint the Doge's Palace in 1553.

In the same 1950s, Tintoretto married Faustina de Veskovi, who gave him eight children. Ridolfi describes the artist’s wife as particularly pragmatic and somewhat harsh, but apparently he managed to become a good life partner and a good mother.

Since 1564, the collaboration of Jacopo Robusti with the brotherhood of St. Rocha, at the same time begins very interesting. The brotherhood needed a craftsman to paint the ceiling in Scuola di San Rocco, and those participating in the competition were supposed to bring sketches of future work. Without a sketch, only Tintoretto came and simply pointed to the finished painting “St. Roch in Glory. ” True or not, it remains on the conscience of the biographer, in any case, the paintings of Italian artists were forgotten, and Jacopo got the order.

But it was driven by thirst, not profit, but creativity. It even happened that he reduced the price or preferred paying for paint and canvas. At the same time, even Philip II, the king of Spain and Rudolph II, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, got into the list of his customers. And after Titian died, he completely turned into a leading Venetian painter.

With Tintoretto himself, death happened in 1594, May 31, and until the last day he did not stop creating. His comrades in the workshop, representatives of the city nobility and simply close people came to give the last honors.


Watch the video: Introduction to the ExhibitionTintoretto: Artist of Renaissance Venice (August 2021).