Venus and Adonis - Titian. 186 × 207
The plot for a picture commissioned by the Spanish king Philip II, Titian chose a tragic love story Venus and Adonis. He finished this painting in 1554, when his patron was in London on the occasion of his wedding with Mary I Tudor, Queen of England. The picture was not very in harmony with the wedding celebrations, but it was consistent with the king's addiction to a naked female body. Previously, Titian sent Philip a picture of the naked Danai full face. In a letter to the king, he explained that by hanging both paintings side by side, he would be able to enjoy the beauty of the female body from different angles. Titian called this picture a poem: the plot is taken from mythology, but poetically crafted. He depicted naked Venus, clinging to a young hunter who does not pay attention to her prayers and is ready to go hunting at dawn. Cupid sleeps under a tree, while a fateful day comes with the sun.
Adonis. When Mirta tricked her father into incestuous communication, the gods turned her into a tree to protect him from his anger. Time passed, the trunk of the tree split, and Adonis was born. Struck by Cupid's arrow, Venus fell madly in love with a beautiful young man. She knew the prophecy that Adonis would be killed on the hunt, and tried to prevent this misfortune, but Adonis was adamant in his intention to go hunting, where the boar killed him. After the death of Adonis, roses grew in place of drops of his blood, and anemones from tears of Venus.