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The Sabine Women - Jacques Louis David. 1799
The canvas (1799) depicts an episode of Roman mythology in which the Sabine women prevent the battle between their husbands the Romans and their fathers and brothers the Sabines. The choice of the theme speaks of David’s political sympathies for the French Republic, proclaimed after the revolution of 1789. An ardent admirer of ancient sculpture, David built the composition of the picture in the form of a frieze: overlapping figures resemble classical sculptural reliefs, and the heroic poses of men resist the emotional reaction of women. The soldiers on the right side of the picture bear the emblem of Rome - the capitol she-wolf, and women brought with them children who will become the basis of the future republic.
SABINIANS. According to legend, Romulus founded Rome in 735 BC. e. There were few women in the settlement, and taking care of the population growth and greatness of the city, Romulus invited a neighboring Sabine tribe with their wives and daughters to the holiday. On a conditional signal, Roman men seized and abducted unmarried Sabine women, wanting to unite with the neighboring tribe "with the strongest and deepest ties." Many artists and sculptors have captured this scene, including Pietro da Cortona and Giambolonia. Romulus refused to let the women go home, and then the fathers and brothers went on a campaign against Rome. The women married their captors, and, realizing the pointlessness of the battle, they rushed between the two troops, begging them with "gentle, loving speeches" to stop the fight, until the men made peace.