The Last Judgment - Fra Angelico. Beginning 1430
The Last Judgment was written by Fra Angelico in the early 1430s The prospect of two rows of empty graves extending into the dark sky creates a dramatic effect of space and a bad feeling. In the center, surrounded by angels, we see Christ as a judge, the Holy Virgin and St. John in his traditional places - on either side of him. Below them, two crowds - blessed and damned - had already taken their places. Angels gathered to take the souls of the blessed to heaven, this symbolizes their dance in the background of a heavenly landscape. Opposite them are depicted cursed, terrifiedly fighting off demons, drawing them to the eternal torment of Hell.
SCARY COURT. The Holy Scripture prophesies that everyone will stand before Christ, and he “will separate one from the other as a shepherd separates the sheep [believers] from the goats [unbelievers]; and he will set the sheep on his right hand, and the goats on his left. ” In the churches of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, the Last Judgment was traditionally depicted on the wall at the western entrance or nearby as a reminder of the departed flock. Christ leads the congregation as a judge, sitting on a throne surrounded by apostles. Near him may be the Virgin Mary as an intercessor, St. Peter with the keys to heaven and angels with the instruments of the Passion of Christ. Above Christ, the ranks of angels or saints are depicted, and below him Michael holds the scales on which human souls are weighed. Angels blow trumpets, calling the dead. In the lower part of such a composition there may be open graves to release the souls of the dead, on the right hand of Christ, the blessed soar in a circular motion clockwise. On the left hand of Christ, unbelievers are sent to Hell. In Hell, Satan devours and casts out sinners, while they are tortured and tortured in accordance with the punishment imposed. The Last Judgment of Michelangelo (1536-1541; Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome), contrary to tradition, is located on the altar wall. Perhaps this was done in order to warn those who disputed the supremacy of the Pope after the Reformation. Here, Christ ceases to be a passive figure: before us is the image of the angry Christ, who, with one terrible movement of his hand, sweeps mankind to hell. It is a day of anger, not a day of pity, and the justice of this heavenly judgment is the implacable severity of God.