One of the most significant Florentine examples of Renaissance art is Palazzo pitti (Palazzo Pitti). located on Piazza Pitti, on the left bank of the Arno River, near the Ponte Vecchio bridge.
A series of architects worked on the Pitti Palace
Construction of the Palazzo Pitti It was completed only in the XVIII century, although it started in 1448. Cosimo the Elder ordered the construction of Via Larga Palazzo Medici from Brunelleschi, but the project seemed unnecessarily fanciful and the order was given to another architect - Michelozzo di Bartolomemeo.
The Florentine rich man Luca Pitti, eager to outperform the Medici family in luxury, decided to erect the Palazzo, hiring the very Filippo Brunelleschi - the most famous architect, author of such creations as the Dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Capella Pazzi, Oratorio of the Church of Santa Maria del Angeli. It is believed that it was not Brunelleschi himself who was involved in the architectonics of the palace, but his pupil, Luca Fancelli.
Luca Pitti wanted the courtyard to be able to accommodate the Palazzo Medici, and the size of the windows would correspond to the size of the doors. It is believed that exorbitant construction costs have become the main reason for the bankruptcy of Luke.
A century later, the Medici redeemed the Palazzo in honor of the marriage of the Duke Cosimo I of Medici to Eleanor of Toledo. To complete the project, Bartolomeo Ammannati, the author of the famous courtyard, was hired.
During the dominance of the Dukes of Laurensky, the annexes of the Rondo Bacchus and the Carriage Rondo, the left and right wings, were built.
The famous Boboli Gardens, located behind the Palazzo, is a true standard of landscape gardening art. In the execution of the Gardens, the style of Mannerism is involved - the union of nature and art: trees harmoniously coexist with fountains and statues, alleys smoothly turn into grottoes.
When exploring Italian museums, you should know that the modern Palazzo Pitti is the abode of a number of museums: the Palatine Art Gallery, the Gallery of Modern Art, the Silver Museum, the Costume Museum and the Carriage Museum, which display expositions of works by Italian artists of the 19th-20th centuries, crystal, jewelry and Chinese porcelain, the largest exhibition of Italian fashion history and crews.
The first hall of the Palazzo is Castagnoli Hallfrom which the inspection begins. Further, the passage leads to the halls of Fine Arts, Aurora, Hercules, Psyche, Berenice, the halls of Music, Prometheus, Odyssey, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Venus and Apollo.