Pallas, expelling vices from the garden of virtues - Andrea Mantegna. C. 1499-1502
Mantegna painted this painting (approx. In the picture Pallas runs in, dispersing everyone in its path and looking towards the sky, where Moderation, Justice and Persistence soar in the clouds. Behind her, a female figure turns into a tree, entwined with a scroll asking Virtues to punish Vices. On the right, Ingratitude and over-breasted Greed are dragged by flabby Ignorance, followed by a satyr and a centaur, on which a naked woman embodies sensual love. A monkey with bags of evil symbolizes Indomitable Hatred, Anger and Deceit, and Sloth leads an armless Idleness on a rope. Women in blue and green robes next to Pallas can mean Diana and Chastity.
THE BATTLE OF THE VIRTUES AND FAULTS. Opposing vices and virtues are often shown fighting, for example, Faith with Idolatry, Modesty with Pride, and Chastity with Lust, or they are placed opposite each other in niches, such as in the cycle of Giotto's narrative frescoes. Since the Renaissance, Minerva, Apollo, Diana and Mercury have always been on the side of Virtues, and Venus and Cupid are on the side of Vices.