Museums and Art

Mineralogical Museum in Moscow named after A. E. Fersman

Mineralogical Museum in Moscow named after A. E. Fersman

Mineralogical Museum located in the building of the former equestrian arena, once erected even under the Orlovs. Well, what’s in the museum itself is the work of the famous Moscow architect Tyurin.

The arena was built when the estate was already owned by Anna Alekseevna Orlova. Until 1818, it was used for its intended purpose (it was the largest arena, until the arena was built under the walls of the Kremlin). Famous people of Moscow gathered here. Our great historian Nikolai Ivanovich Karamzin also visited here.

In 1918, the palace was nationalized and put on state guard. It housed various museums. The most famous of these museums is the furniture museum, where Ostap Bender and Kisa Vorobyaninov searched for “precious chairs”. There was also a museum of ethnography. And here Museum of Mineralogy appeared here in 1934, when it was decided to transfer the majority of institutions of the Academy of Sciences from Leningrad to Moscow. In order to transport the museum to Moscow, 30 wagons were needed. The number of museum exhibits totaled about 60 thousand + 20 thousand doublet copies. With difficulty, but the move took place, and since 1936 the museum of mineralogy is located in Moscow.

Probably a large number of people are confident that countless minerals exist on earth. This is actually not the case. On the earth there are only 4 thousand types of minerals, 3 thousand of them are presented in the museum of mineralogy.

The Mineralogical Museum presents the world's largest collection of meteorites. Here you can see the largest fragment of the famous Sikhote-Alin meteor shower. Although this stone weighs almost two tons, it is just a small part of the body that at that time collided with the ground (before entering the atmosphere, the body weighed about 1000 tons).

One of the very interesting collections of the museum is collection of ornamental and precious stones. There are many stone products of completely different times and peoples, starting from the 1000-year-old products of ancient China. In the museum you can see one of the largest stone-cutting in the world. Faberge collections. The museum also houses one of the world's largest unprocessed emeralds.


Watch the video: Aleksander Evgenevich Fersman editor. Russias Treasure of Diamonds and Precious Stones.. (October 2021).