This article will tell you about one of the oldest museums in Ukraine - Museum named after academician D. Yavornitsky. How the museum was founded, how the collection was replenished, and who is Yavoronitsky, in whose honor this extremely interesting museum is named, you will also learn from this article.
Foundation of the Yavornitsky Museum
The date of creation of the museum is considered to be 1849.According to one initiative group, it was pleasant to decide to create a museum that would fully reflect the history of the Dnipropetrovsk region from the very first monuments to archaeologists to the present day. It was the first museum with a similar theme. Initially, the group consisted of four: Y. Grakhov, who served as the director of the gymnasium, A. Fabre - the governor, A. Paul - the collection designer and very famous historian of that time and academician D. Yavornitsky. The museum exposition, by 1950, numbered about 100 exhibits, but over time their number grew.
Black and white pages of the history of the museum named after D. Yavornitsky
There are several significant dates in the history of the museum, one of which is 1905. This year the museum moved to a building built specifically for him. The new museum building in those days was called the architectural "pearl" of the city. The main architects of this creation of art were G. Panafutina and G. Sandetsky. By the way, funds were raised for the construction of the building for the museum, which donated almost the entire know of the city, and also allocated a part of the funds from the city budget. Therefore, it is not surprising that the building itself is considered a landmark.
But there were in the history of the Yavornitsky Museum and bad moments. The first came in the period from 1917 to 1920, when part of the museum’s funds was transferred to other newly organized museums. Despite the fact that a lot of confiscated (nationalized) things were delivered to the museum from the estates of merchants and the nobility, this did not help restore the exhibition to its previous level, since a huge part of the priceless heritage left the museum forever. The next shock for the D. Yavornitsky Museum was the period of World War II, when during the German invasion many exhibits were taken to Germany, and some of the priceless archaeological finds could not be simply scientifically processed.
At the moment, the museum has over 45 thousand priceless exhibits, and any visitor to this wonderful place will be able to fully immerse themselves in the history of the Dnipropetrovsk region. The museum exposition has 5 thematic rooms.