Museums and Art

Painting Station Montparnasse, Giorgio de Chirico, 1914

Painting Station Montparnasse, Giorgio de Chirico, 1914

Station Montparnasse de Chirico. 140x184.5

This work arose during de Chirico’s first visit to Paris in the summer of 1911, when, presenting his works at the Autumn Salon and the Salon of Independents, he managed to surprise his fellow artists, who were used to everything and were little surprised, as well as the audience. The motive of the railway station then fascinated the artist. It caused concern and alarm, reminded of the first trip - leaving Greece after the death of his father. When creating the canvas in kind served as one of the Paris railway stations near the Place de Rennes. However, little remains of the real station in the picture of de Chirico. The work is characterized by perfect geometric simplicity, which does not reassure the viewer, but rather enhances his anxiety, anxiety and nervousness. The artist boldly uses sharp straight lines - possibly influenced by Picasso. The picture resembles a book illustration or engraving.

Station Montparnasse refers to the metaphysical period of the artist. De Chirico embodies in her his thoughts on time. These thoughts are reflected in several visual contrasts. The large arch on the left is an element of classical architecture. It is opposed to the structure occupying the central part of the image - either the platform, or the terrace, supported by piles. These square pillars are made of concrete and are clearly contemporary to the author. But that is not all. Strictly vertical smoke from the chimney of a steam locomotive frozen in a motionless landscape suggests that time has stopped. And the flags on the tower and in the depths of the landscape flutter in the wind. A pun is added to the graphic series - in French, time and weather are synonyms - le temps.

The space of the picture is divided into two contrasting parts, symbolizing two different worlds (real and imaginary, or nature and technology).

The composition seems to be built on two horizon lines. A basic element of the interior, reaching the base of concrete piles, is a bunch of bananas. These two spaces (the upper part is a tower rising from the terrace, which is bounded on the left by the building, and on the right by the train visible in the distance; and the lower - with still life elements) are combined by a beautiful, geometrically straight yellow road, on which two small human figures are visible.

Mystery and anxiety - such sensations are created by a multiplicity of vanishing points of perspective. This impression is enhanced by smooth and dry painting. This is the artist’s largest work. At one time, she made such an impression on Pablo Picasso that he called the author a station singer.


Watch the video: The Art of Giorgio de Chirico (November 2021).