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Have any of you been in a salt cave? If you weren’t, then you have lost a lot. The population there is small, only about twelve thousand, and there are no special attractions either. True, there is one place that is worth seeing, but you can get there only by going down deep underground. And this fascinating place is called - Museum of the salt industry. The salt cave is located at a depth of more than three hundred meters from ground level. This is the underground mining of mine number 33, the company Artyomsol.
About two hundred and fifty million years ago, on the territory of the Donetsk region, on the site of the city of Artyomovsk, a shallow sea was located. For millions of years, the sea gradually dried up, and the moment came when the water was completely gone. Only the white salt contained in the sea water remained. Slowly settling on the surface, the salt formed beautiful white, sparkling waves, which, over time, became covered with a thick layer of soil.
Now, on the site of the ancient sea is a salt mine, which has turned into a landmark of the city of Soledar. Even the name of the city tells the tourists that God gave these people huge deposits of salt. Visitors can enter the museum only by going down the miner's elevator. Until recently, or more precisely, until 1990 tons of salt were mined here. After development, there were large void halls that turned into beautiful exhibition rooms.
Surprise and involuntary horror embrace when you step on the floor, which consists of rock salt, at first without even realizing it. Turning around, you feel that the walls, the ceiling, and the floor are all salt! Sinuous salt drawings against the background of various backlights look simply magnificent, as if you are in a fairy tale. There is no end to admiration.
Some walls are decorated with various bas-reliefs, which were made by numerous miners of more than one generation. There are expositions of professional sculptors made in drifts after the completion of salt mining. Passing through long tunnels painted with reddish illumination, you quietly find yourself in the “blue” halls. Visitors see fabulous characters expertly engraved on the walls.
The main feature of the museum is a kind of salt palace, the acoustics of this hall are so unique that symphonic music festivals called “Salt Symphony” began to be held there. The uniqueness of the hall in which the orchestra sounded magical was highly appreciated by the Austrian composer and conductor Kurt Schmitt.
No less valuable is the underground mine, on the walls of which the faces of the saints are depicted, and not far away is a real functioning church, where church services are held by the rector of the church.
No less colorful and mesmerizing, the salt palm located in the niche of the cave appears before the eyes of visitors. And next to the museum, also underground there is a speleosanatorium, where thousands of people recover.