The city of Belgorod-Dniester is considered the oldest and most beautiful city in Ukraine. On its outskirts, in the territory of the former ancient Greek policy of Thira, is located Museum "Akkerman Fortress". The rocky coast of the Dniester estuary gives the museum a special touch.
The complex consists of four parts: the Genoese castle, the northern, southern and port courtyards. The most ancient building is the citadel, historians ascribe 14 centuries. The citadel itself is a quadrangle with four round towers built in the corners. Looking from the side on which you feel great power.
You can get into the courtyard of the castle only from the south side through the entrance gate. The thickness of the defensive walls of the citadel reached five meters, and the height of the walls reached fifteen meters above the ground. The top of the walls ended with merlons. Along the walls were residential buildings. There was a small chapel. Through open battle galleries you can get to the territory of the five-tier corner towers, from where the targeted battles of archers fought. Each tower had a basement for ammunition, and the treasury, prison, and commandant's office were located in the premises themselves. According to legend, the commander Kutuzov in 1789 received the keys of the winner of the fortress from the Turkish commandant.
In the 15th century, the fortress received a new name - White fortress. It was replenished with another defensive structure with a total length of two kilometers with 26 towers around the perimeter. The fortification system was surrounded by a deep moat through which it was impossible to pass to the walls of the fortress.
It was possible to get to the territory of the fortress through the eastern Kiliysky gate and the western Ovidiopolsky gate. But, despite the reliability of the fortification, the Turks in 1484 managed to conquer the fortress and held it in their possession until 1789, until the Russian army liberated it. By 1832, the fortress ceased to exist as a defensive structure.
Until today, the towers and walls of the fortress are well preserved. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Akkerman fortress began to be restored for active use as a historical complex.
Two towers are very popular among tourists: Ovid Tower and Pushkin Tower. The Ovid Tower is called Maiden, it is located to the left of the main gate. According to legend, the Roman poet Ovid did not please the emperor Augustus, for which he was expelled to the eastern province of the Roman Empire, in a place called Tira. The Pushkin Tower with a balcony on the estuary is located opposite the Ovid Tower. It really was Pushkin when he was in exile in Odessa in 1921. Here he began to write a letter to Ovid.
In addition to Pushkin, the fortress was visited by Lesya Ukrainka, writer Maxim Gorky and many other prominent people. Today the museum is a cultural and tourist center.