Museums and Art

Ilya Efimovich Repin - biography and paintings

Ilya Efimovich Repin - biography and paintings

I. Repin Born in the city of Mother, the first noticed his abilities at the time when he helped her, preparing for Easter, to paint eggs. No matter how pleased the mother was to such a talent, she had no money for its development.

Ilya began to attend the lessons of the local school, where he studied topography, after which he entered the icon painter N. Bunakov, in his workshop. Having received the necessary drawing skills in the workshop, the fifteen-year-old Repin became a frequent participant in the painting of numerous churches in the villages. This went on for four years, after which, with the accumulated hundred rubles, the future artist went to Petersburg, where he was going to enter the Academy of Arts.

Having failed the entrance exams, he became a student of the preparatory art school at the Society for the Promotion of Arts. Among his first teachers at the school was I.N. Kramskoy, who for a long time was a faithful mentor to Repin. The following year, Ilya Efimovich was admitted to the Academy, where he began to write academic works, and at the same time wrote several works of his own accord.

The matured Repin graduated from the Academy in 1871, already an artist who had already taken place in all respects. His diploma work, for which he received the Gold Medal, was a picture called by the artist "The Resurrection of Jairus' Daughter." This work was recognized as the best of all time that there was an Academy of Arts. While still a youth, Repin began to pay attention to portraits; in 1869 he painted a portrait of the young V.A. Shevtsova, who three years later became his wife.

But the great artist became widely known in 1871, after writing a group portrait of Slavic Composers. Among the 22 figures depicted in the picture, composers from Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic are depicted. In 1873, while traveling to Paris, the artist became acquainted with the French art of impressionism, from which he was not delighted. Three years later, having returned again to Russia, he immediately went to his native Chuguev, and in the fall of 1877 he already became a resident of Moscow.

At this time, he met with the Mamontov family, spending time communicating with other young talents in their workshop. Then work began on the famous painting "Cossacks", which ended in 1891. A lot of works that are quite well-known today have been written, among them numerous portraits of prominent personalities: the chemist Mendeleev, M.I. Glinka, the daughter of his friend Tretyakov A.P. Botkin and many others. There are many works with the image of L. Tolstoy.

1887 was a turning point for I. Repin. He divorced his wife, accusing of bureaucracy, left the ranks of the Partnership, which organized the organization of traveling exhibitions of artists, and the artist’s health deteriorated significantly.

From 1894 to 1907 he occupied the position of the head of a workshop at the Academy of Arts, and in 1901 he received a large order from the government. Attending multiple council meetings, after only a couple of years, he presents the finished painting “The State Council”. This work, with a total area of ​​35 square meters, was the last of the large works.

Repin married for the second time in 1899, choosing N. B. Nordman-Severov as his companion, with whom they moved to the town of Kuokkala and lived there for three decades. In 1918, due to the war with the White Finns, he lost the opportunity to visit Russia, but in 1926 he received a government invitation, which he refused for health reasons. In September 1930, on the 29th, the artist Ilya Efimovich Repin was gone.


Watch the video: Ilya Yefimovich Repin 1844-1930 Russian-born artist (September 2021).