Claude Monet - An artist who not only became one of the founders of impressionism, but also gave the name to this direction of painting. It is because of his painting that describes the sunrise in the port of Le Havre subsequently so called the new artistic movement.
The painter was born in 1840 in the family of a grocer in Paris, but spent his youth in Normandy in the city of Le Havre, where his family moved in 1845. From childhood he worked in painting and even made money on it - the cartoons in his performance sold pretty well in the grocery father’s shop. There he met his first teacher - Eugene Boudin.
At the age of 20, Monet was drafted into the army. Serving him fell in Algeria, but not even two years had passed before the future artist contracted typhoid fever, and her aunt helped him pay off the service. Returning to France, Claude entered the university, but was dissatisfied with the approach to teaching and left school, moving to a painting studio organized by Charles Gleir. This studio brought him to such artists as Renoir, Sisley, Basil. In them, he found like-minded people in art and together with them formed the center of the birth of impressionism.
Claude Monet was married twice. The first time on Camille Donsier, the second on Alice Osched. The portrait of Camille, painted 4 years before their wedding, in 1860, brought the artist fame. This marriage lasted 9 years, until his wife died of tuberculosis. She died in 1879, leaving the artist two sons. For almost all this time, the family lived in the small town of Argenteuil near Paris, and several of the best paintings by the master were painted here. The second time Monet married only 13 years later, in 1892, and lived with Alice Oschede 18 years. Their marriage also ended in the death of his wife.
The outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war prompted the artist in 1870 to move to England, and then to the Netherlands. Stay in the Netherlands was a very productive period in his work - in Zandam he painted 25 paintings.
Immediately after returning in 1872, Monet wrote the famous painting “Impression. Rising Sun". The picture was shown at the exhibition of 1874.
In 1893, together with his second wife, the artist moved to the town of Giverny, where he spent the rest of his life. Even after eye operations in 1912 due to double cataracts, he does not stop drawing.
The great artist died in 1926, having survived 6 years Degas and 4 years - Renoir and did not live 15 years before the new recognition of his work. He was buried in Giverny in a church cemetery.