Museums and Art

Thomas Gainsborough - biography and paintings of the artist

Thomas Gainsborough - biography and paintings of the artist

Thomas Gainsborough is a famous 18th century English portrait painter. The artist was born in 1727 in an English family with many children.
The talent for painting in the boy began to manifest itself in early childhood. There was no tree, rock, ravine, roadside pillar that he would not remember and did not sketch them with accuracy by heart.

When Thomas was 13 years old, he went to study in London. Here the boy learns from the famous portrait painter Francis Hyman. The French engraver and landscape painter Hubert Gravelo, who taught Gainsborough the French Rococo style, markedly influenced his work. But the greatest influence on the style of creativity of Thomas had the painter Antoine Watteau. The first paintings of the young artist were small landscapes, which he often gave to traders for a penny. Gainsborough then began painting portraits.

The earliest work with the author’s signature was painted in 1745. Against the background of the landscape, a portrait of a bull terrier was depicted, and on the other side of the picture Thomas signed “A remarkably smart dog”. At the same time, a portrait of the owner of the dog, Henry Hill, was painted.

Over time, Gainsborough began to succeed, and in 1745 he already had his own workshop. In July 1746, a 19-year-old artist creates a family.

Soon, Thomas returns to his homeland, where his father dies. But after this sad event, a joyful one came - the artist had her first daughter, who was named Marie. Together with his family, after a while he moves to Ipswich, where his second daughter Margaret is born.

Gainsbrough's main earnings were portraits, in the style of which he imitated Hogarth. From him, he learned the immediacy of perception, thinking more about the similarities, trying to draw an everyday human appearance.

In early 1760, after moving to the spa town of Bath, Thomas became very popular. He paints portraits, performs many orders of local and metropolitan aristocrats. During this period, Van Dyck influences his work, but over time, the artist develops his own style. Portraits of Thomas are fanned by lightness, elegance and sophistication.

Gainsborough's works begin to be exhibited regularly in London. Especially popular during this period are "Eliza and Thomas Linle" and "Lady in Blue." In 1770, the artist painted the famous portrait “The Blue Boy”, where a boy in a blue suit is associated with the landscape.

Three years later, Thomas finally moved to London. Even King George III begins to patronize the artist. It should be noted that in Gainsborough’s creative work, landscape plays a more significant role, unlike other portrait painters. In his last years of life, Thomas paints delicate, sometimes sentimental portraits of peasants and children, landscapes and genre scenes. The famous artist died in August 1788.


Watch the video: Conversation dans un parc de Thomas Gainsborough (June 2021).