One of the most famous sculptors, artists, poets, painters and architects of all time - Michelangelo Buonarotti Born on March 6, 1475 in the city of Caprez, where he studied in primary school, and after graduation, in 1488, began to study sculpture as a pupil of Bertoldo in the workshop of the greatest painter of history - Domenico Ghirlandaio.
The attention of Lorenzo Medici was attracted by the talent of the boy, so he took him to his house and financially helped Michelangelo to develop. When Lorenzo died, Buonarotti went to Bologna, where he erected a marble angel with a candelabrum, as well as a statue for the church of St. Petronius. In 1494 he returned to Florence. A new period of his work began, in which he boldly exaggerated the forms of nature in order to express his ideas and better convey characters.
In 1503, Michelangelo was invited to Rome by Julius II to build a tombstone, which Julius wanted to make for himself during his lifetime. The sculptor agreed and arrived. Two years later, Buonarotti considered that the pope's attention to him was not enough and, offended, returned to Florence.
In Rome, the artist was already in 1508, where he was again called by Julius II to continue the work begun, as well as to fulfill a new order - decorating the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican Palace with fresco painting. Julius II died a couple of months after completing the painting of the Sistine ceiling.
The fall of Florence, which threatened Michelangelo with the danger of dying, caused a serious shock in his soul, and also worsened his health. And being so uncommunicative and severe, he became even more unsociable and gloomy, plunging completely and completely into his ideological world, which could not but affect the nature of his work.
In 1532, he received an invitation from the “new” pope to Rome in order to complete the decoration of the Sistine Chapel, depicting the Last Judgment on the altar wall, and the Fall of Lucifer on the opposite. Only the first was performed by Buonarotti in 1534-1541 without assistants.
The last works of Michelangelo’s brush were frescoes in the chapel of the Vatican Palace. Buonarotti a little later parted with sculpture, his favorite industry, in which he worked, being in old age.
The artist was engaged in architecture, living out his last years. He was appointed in 1546 the chief architect of the Cathedral of Peter, because Michelangelo was not only talented, but also experienced in construction.
Michelangelo Buonarotti died in Rome on February 18, 1564.