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Giovanni Bellini is a famous Italian painter, the greatest student of the school of painting in Venice. Bellini laid the foundations of the Renaissance painting in Venice.
Bellini became a recognized genius during his lifetime, but his life, both creative and ordinary, is poorly documented, so all dates, including the dating of works, are not accurate. The date of birth differs according to many documents: some sources claim that the future artist was born in 1430, others - 1426. However, the first option is most likely.
He was born into the family of Jacopo Bellini, who had three sons, including Giovanni, and one daughter. Anna Rivensky, his wife, made a will before the first birth, which is preserved in the archives. However, Gentile is considered the eldest son, so the dates of birth of Giovanni can be attributed to 30-33 years of the 15th century.
In addition, among the researchers there were assumptions, however, which did not find documentary confirmation that Giovanni was not the son of Anna Rivensky, but was the illegitimate son of Jacopo, since she was not mentioned in her last will and all the property was transferred to the sons of Gentile, Niccolo and the daughter of Nikolozia .
The creative way of Bellini
It is believed that he studied with his father, who was an artist, around 1449, and in 1459 he began to head a workshop in Venice.
Giovanni's early artwork can be described as dramatically sharp, seasoned in cool shades. These include the “Mourning of Christ”, written around 1470. However, by the end of the 70s the manner of his writing was changing. The impetus for this was the arrival in Venice in 1475 of Antonello da Messina and his painting. Bellini's work becomes clear and clean. This period of his work is characterized by harmonious majestic portraits, including numerous portraits of the Madonnas, which became for him a special theme (“Madonna with Saplings”, “Madonna”, “Lake Madonna”), painted against the backdrop of a magnificent landscape (“Feast of the Gods”, "Stigmatization of St. Francis").
Here, the characteristic features of Renaissance painting are clearly traced: a clear ordered composition and interest in a person. This period became important not only for the artist, but also for Venetian painting as a whole. The late period of Giovanni’s work is characterized by the plots of ancient mythology (“Feast of the Gods”). His last picture is "Fra Theodoro da Urbino", on which there is a date 1515. She remained unfinished for a long time. Only 11 years later was added to Vittore Belliniano, who signed and date the picture.
Giovanni Bellini ended his life in 1516. On November 29, the Italian historian Marino Sanudo wrote in his “Diary” that in the morning of that day Zuana Belin, the great, world-famous painter, was gone.