The woman in the hat is Henri Matisse. 1905
In 1905, Henri Matisse ceased to use the technique of divisionism. In the Autumn Salon this year, the artist exhibited the painting "Woman in a Hat." Also participating in the exhibition was Albert Marche, who studied with Matisse under Gustave Moreau at the School of Fine Arts, Maurice Vlaminck and Andre Derain. Their work with flashy sharp color and deliberately simplified forms, which became like an insult to the public, caused a scandal and were called wild. This aptly spoken word formed the basis of the name of the new direction of painting - Fauvism (fauve - wild).
"Woman in the Hat" also caused a storm of indignation. A lady in a high hat, sitting in a half-turn, looks at the viewer from the portrait. Asymmetric facial features, wild colors - the image didn’t look like a real person (and the portrait is intended, first of all, to reproduce the appearance of the model), which could not but seem ugly.
The public has already recognized the Impressionist paintings, which once caused no less scandals. Suffice it to recall the “Naked” by Auguste Renoir, in which green foliage cast reflexes to the heroine’s body, which the critic called “cadaverous spots”. However, Matisse went even further. The artist maximizes the sound of colors, bringing it to the point of absurdity. At the same time, strange sharp colors surprisingly harmonize with each other, giving the color a major sound. The picture lives its own life, independent of the life of the real heroine, surrounding reality and the coloristic relationships that exist in nature. It forms the idea of the harmony of color combinations not previously seen in European painting, designed for a new aesthetic perception of a work of art. Matisse creates a principled art, absolutely free from rules and canons.