Appearance Museum of Natural History, or as it is sometimes called, the Museum of Natural History, in the capital of Great Britain was preceded by the creation in 1759 of the British Museum. This happened after Hans Sloan, a well-known doctor and naturalist, handed over his huge collections to the people of Britain and Parliament decided to open the museum. He then settled down in Montagu House in Bloomsbury - one of the districts of London.
A growing number of exhibits all the time forced to expand the exhibition area, until in 1845 a decision was made to allocate part of the exhibits to separate museums. And in 1880, in the Kensington area of London, the current magnificent building was erected by the project of Captain Francis Foke, and already in 1881 the museum began to work. In 1963, the Natural History Museum gained complete autonomy from the British Museum.
Today, on its vast area (more than 6 hectares), there are more than 70 million exhibits relating to the science of life and the Earth. 5 main expositions - zoology, paleontology, entomology, botany and mineralogy - this is the structure of the museum. Among them, the Darwin collection stands out especially. The central place in the expositions is occupied by the paleontological collection, numbering more than 9 million exhibits. The prelude to it was the huge skeleton of a diplodocus, installed in the center of the main hall. Its length is 26 meters, and its image has become almost a symbol of the museum.
It was the paleontological exposition with its unique collection of skeletons of giant ancient dinosaurs that made the museum famous throughout the world. The star of the paleontological collection is a mechanized model of a tyrannosaurus sneaking in the gloom of the hall.
There is also a huge (over 55 million copies) collection of animals and insects. It also includes an updated collection of the center of Darwin. The most famous of the collection is “Big Archie”, a giant squid, 8.62 meters long. A copy of the 30-meter blue whale, mounted on the ceiling, also enjoys constant attention. Here are huge collections of various butterflies and plants.
In the section devoted to the geology of the Earth, more than half a million different minerals are collected, both found on our planet and meteorites. Among the collections of natural crystals you can wander for hours. Stands and photographs tell about the geology and structure of the Earth. There is even a room where you can be present during the “earthquake”.
However, no matter how amazing or magnificent the collections of this unique museum are, and its popularity is such that it is difficult to get there on Sundays due to the influx of visitors, judging by the reviews, it causes much more delight in children and the younger generation than in adults, Unfortunately.
I dare to suggest that the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg will be of interest to those who liked the London Museum of Natural History.