Museums and Art

Costume Museum, Madrid, Spain

Costume Museum, Madrid, Spain

The year 2004 was the year the formal appearance of the costume museum in Madrid.

However, Museo del Traje (Spanish), begins its century since 1925. This constantly operating exhibition was replenished with new models of clothes, changed names, and is now located in an extraordinary complex of 1973, sponsored by architects Jame Lopez and Angel Diaz Dominguez.

The museum’s unique collections acquaint visitors with the history of the development of European costume (clothing, as a utilitarian concept) from antiquity to the present.

Several permanent exhibitions of the museum - High Fashion, Fortune - the wizard of materials, Woman, fashion and society and other expositions, attract an invariably large number of visitors.

Madrid Costume Museum represents the clothes of distant eras from us and allows you to find out what the Spanish lords were wearing during the time of King Charles III, whose clothing exposition is quite widely represented here. It was an amazing king, who was said to have obtained Madrid from clay, and embodied it in a city of marble. It will also pleasantly surprise the viewer with a collection of accessories: corsets, gloves, umbrellas of different times, collected in the museum.

The showcase displaying Machism (from "Mach" by F. Goya) in the fashion of Spain from the 18th to 19th centuries deserves special attention. Mahos, majos (Spanish) are Spanish fashionistas from the people. Immigrants from the lower strata of society, Machos and their companions, Mahas, are often residents of the Madrid bottom. The courage and immorality of their behavior, their songs and dances, their costumes, were highly appreciated by the Spanish society and even its elite. Aristocrats from high society dressed in costumes of Mahos and freely visited the poor neighborhoods.

The mahos suit consists of three main elements: a short jacket (later called the French “figaro”), a short red vest, tight trousers to the knees, complement the suit sash, stockings, hairnet and a short knife - “Navaja”. For women - max, instead of pants - a wide skirt.

Popular in Spain, and throughout Europe in the mid-20th century, the Mariquita Perez doll is dedicated to a separate showcase that invariably attracts little fashionistas from around the world.

Mariano Fortuni, an Italian fashion designer, a native of Spain, also left his mark on the museum. In 1906-1946 - owner of a model house. It was he who invented the method of pleating silk, pleating Fortune. The designer is known as the creator of long dresses in the antique style - dolphos revealing the features of the figure, as well as the creator of stage costumes Sarah Bernhardt and Isadora Duncan.

The famous black dress of fashion designer Givenchy, sewn at one time for actress Audrey Hepburn to shoot in Breakfast at Tiffany's, found her haven in the famous museum. Showcases with the collections of Coco Chanel, Dior, Valenciaga and many others will not leave you indifferent.


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