The special status of the city, an unusual and eventful history, a unique national composition and a characteristic dialect make Odessa a city self-sufficient, free and belonging to world culture. The sculptural monuments here are very numerous, original and attractive.
Monuments to the founders of the city
The most lively and popular place among tourists in Odessa is Primorsky Boulevard and the Potemkin Stairs. Here tourists are greeted by a monument to the first of the founding fathers of the pearl by the sea, Duke Richelieu. Ordered from the great master Martos, the monument is made in the classical style. The figure of Richelieu is depicted in Roman toga, the hero seems to make a speech to the inhabitants of Odessa, as Roman senators addressed the Romans. On the pedestal of the sculpture are three high reliefs, on which you can see allegorical images of trade (Mercury), justice (Themis) and agriculture (Ceres).
The sculpture of Osip Deribas is located on the street named after the hero and founder of the port of Odessa. The work was completed by 1994, when the 200th anniversary of the city was celebrated. I must say frankly, the work does not shine with artistic merit. It was performed in a somewhat generalized manner, torn plastic, rhythmically the work was not sustained. In front of the viewer is rather a kind of doll with fuzzy facial features. The townspeople themselves nicknamed this creation a grasshopper, which very accurately emphasizes the imperfection of the sculpture.
The monument to the founders of the city on Catherine Square was originally erected at the request of the townspeople. In 1900, a granite monument appeared on top of which a sculpture of Empress Catherine the Great was installed, and around the pedestal of the sculpture of her associates - Deribasu (the founder of the port), De Vollan (the first architect of the city), Potemkin (the founder of the Black Sea Fleet), Zubov (the successor of Potemkin and the chief of Deribas). After the revolution, the monument was demolished, a memorial to the crew of the cruiser Potemkin was erected at this place. The monument with sculptures was restored only in 2007, after much debate and resistance of the Ukrainian authorities.
Monument to Governor Vorontsov survived all state restructuring from 1863 to the present day. The hero of the war of 1812, a business and talented organizer who made for Odessa almost more than the founding fathers, Vorontsov is depicted in the uniform of a field marshal with a rod in his hand. The monument is surrounded by a fence, on the pedestal is the inscription VORONTSOV.
There are two monuments to Pushkin in the city. The first is on Primorsky Boulevard, next to the city council. This bust of the great poet was installed on the money collected by the inhabitants of Odessa and allocated by the City Duma. The monument is essentially a fountain, crowned with a sculptural image of the poet.
The second monument is located on Pushkinskaya street, opposite the poet's museum. The sculpture was made by a local author in the late 90s of the 20th century.
Odessa residents erected a monument to their beloved fellow countryman Leonid Utesov in the famous City Garden. The artist is depicted sitting on a bench. The sculpture does not have a pedestal, so anyone can sit on a bench next to Utesov, which many people use.
The sculpture of the father of Russian aviation is located on the stairs of the house on Deribasovskaya Street, not far from Gorsad. In this building, back in 1913, the brothers of the legendary aviator opened a cinema to financially help implement their brother's projects. Utochkin is depicted as a young man holding a paper airplane. The sculpture is filled with romanticism, a naive belief in a dream.
The only monument to the great Russian actress Vera Kholodnaya was also installed in Odessa, next to the cathedral. The author of the sculpture A. Tokarev created an unusually moving and elegant image.
In Odessa there is a monument to workers in the criminal investigation department, sculptures of Saints Cyril and Methodius, a monument to the creator of Esperanto, the 12th chair from the famous novel by Petrov and Ilf, as well as many other works.
Monument to the 12th chair in OdessaMonument to David Gotzman in OdessaMonument to the creator of Esperanto, Odessa