Despite the fact that almost all the sculptures are replaced with copies on the main square of the capital of the Renaissance Florence, the main masterpieces are here.
The ideal of male beauty, the biblical hero, the winner of the giant, was established on the central square of Florence during a difficult time for the city. The sculpture became a symbol of the struggle against strong opponents, among whom was even the pope. The sculptures of David created earlier depicted the hero at the time of triumph. Michelangelo chose another moment. His David is maximally concentrated before the battle, his gaze is serious, even menacing.
It was the sculpture of David that was recognized as the pinnacle of the art of sculpture.
Judith with the head of Holofernes
Donatello's work was intended to symbolize the struggle for freedom of the Florentine Republic. The miniature Judith with the severed head of a powerful despot was to inspire noble patriotic feelings to the townspeople.
Hercules defeating Cacus
Another symbol of victory, this time Bandinelli. The son of Zeus stands proudly above the defeated son of Hephaestus, the ugly monster Kakus. Triumphant not only Hercules, but justice itself and the law. Immediately behind the pedestal of this sculptural group is Michelangelo’s legendary relief, which he executed, arguing that he will accurately reproduce the face of the criminal brought to execution, standing with his back to him.
One of the oldest fountains in Florence was created by order of the Medici family (author Ammanati). The central figure of the multi-figure composition is the sculptural image of Cosimo Medici, a frequent reception of artful artists who likewise have wealthy customers. On the other hand, the author alludes to the sea power of Florence.
Among the sculptures of the Loggia of Lanzi, the figure of Perseus with the head of Medusa in his hands deserves special attention. The creation of the great Cellini is the only original in Piazza Signoria.
Next to the gallery of the New Market is located the popular among tourists fountain Porcellino (Boar). Many legends and legends are associated with this sculpture. This fountain mentions Andersen in one of his tales.
The monument to Dante, the great exile and poet, erected in the middle of the 19th century, is located in the square near the Basilica of Santa Croce. The creator of the Divine Comedy looks with an unkind look at his fellow countrymen, as if unable to forgive them for an unfair attitude.
In any combination of circumstances in Florence you must visit the Medici Chapel, which is decorated with magnificent tombstones of Michelangelo.
The Uffizi Gallery's collection is also full of sculptural masterpieces by Italian Renaissance masters.
The church of Orsanmichele, which is now a museum, in its collection of sculptures has works by Verrocio, Donatello, Ghiberti.
Numerous museums, churches, chapels, chapels, necessarily include masterpieces of sculpture, demonstrating the former power and beauty of the Florentine Republic.