The Moscow status and centuries-old history of Moscow implies a very large number of very different sculptural monuments. Some are mixed by historians. In a short review, it makes sense to dwell on the most famous sculptures that have been tested by time and history.
The oldest sculptural monument in Moscow, of the eternal Moscow historical storms preserved in a whirlwind, is a truly popular and very sincere monument. This is a monument to Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky. The author of this composition was Ivan Martos, who invited his sons to pose as models. Granite was used to build the monument. The monument was unveiled on March 4, 1818 and became a symbol of not only the great patriotic upsurge that ended the troubled times, but also the victory of Russia in the war with Napoleon.
In the early 30s of the 20th century, the monument was moved, because, according to the Moscow authorities, it interfered with the holding of military parades.
In total, there are four monuments to Pushkin in Moscow. The oldest and best of them, created by the sculptor Opekushin, stands in the square, also named after the great poet. The sculptor depicted a genius during a walk. The poet is in deep thought. The viewer has a feeling of his own involvement in the mystery of versification. The sculpture is made in bronze, on a pedestal are marble boards on which lines are cut from the poem Monument. The sculpture was installed in 1880.
Today, the monument to the founder of Moscow, Prince Dolgoruky, is one of the main symbols of the Russian capital. But for many years, serious passions boiled around this monument. It was installed in 1954, but the idea of installing a sculpture of the first Suzdal prince belonged to Stalin. After the death of the best friend of the athletes, they wanted to remove the monument from the eyes, but all the time something was in the way, then the student festival, then the arrival of a distinguished guest, then the displacement of Khrushchev. As a result, the work of A. Orlov still adorns Tverskaya Square in the capital. And the fact that Dolgoruky can never be the founder of a city that existed at least two hundred years before his birth, no one remembers.
The monument to A. Ostrovsky on Theater Square was supposed to appear in 1918, since the funds for it were collected by the Moscow intelligentsia for a long time. However, the time was hot and the great Russian playwright was remembered only at the end of the 1920s, when they finally established it. The author of the sculpture N. Andreev portrayed the writer in a dressing gown sitting in an armchair. Before the viewer appears a real Moscow master, who knows how to enjoy life. No good nature in the look. The writer seems to be eyeing everyone who came to look at him.
The idea to establish a sculptural monument to the Russian first printer I. Fedorov was born in the middle of the 19th century. However, only at the beginning of the 20th century, funds were raised and a competition announced. In addition to Russian sculptors, their ideas were presented by masters from Austria-Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria and France. All applicants faced one very important problem - history has not preserved a single lifetime image of Fedorov. Sculptors had to fantasize. The fantasy of S. Volnukhin was recognized as the best. The author depicted the first printer at the time of work. A tired, concentrated sovereign printer examines the first sheet of the Apostle, the first printed book in Russian.
Like many Moscow monuments, the sculpture of Ivan Fedorov changed its location several times, depending on the new construction ideas of the city leadership.
The creation of Vera Mukhina - a monument to the great composer Tchaikovsky - adorns the capital since 1954. Alas, the author did not see her creation on a pedestal, since she died about a year before the installation of the monument. The composer is depicted at the moment of an inspired impulse: in one hand he has a pencil, his left, apparently, is counting the rhythm of a musical fragment born at that second.
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